Greenhouses, Irrigation Systems

Greenhouse Vegetable Farming: 9 Secrets to Use

Greenhouse Vegetable Farming

Greenhouse Vegetable Farming is so far one of the most rewarding agricultural ventures with fewer risks. Compared to other ventures, greenhouses guarantee a higher rate of profitability as they offer better-growing conditions.

With a greenhouse environment, cultivation happens in any season whether it is dry or rainy seasons. The technology of greenhouses allows connections to effective water supply systems. Cooling systems and air conditioning. Covering structures also provide warm air and sunlight inside the structure and in the end make it conducive.

Selecting the Right Greenhouse for Your Vegetables

To design a perfect greenhouse suitable for your crops, you need to assess several factors that affect your choice of greenhouse.

Size of the greenhouse

First, consider the size of the greenhouse you need as per the size of space you have. The space you set aside for your vegetable greenhouse growing venture plays a major role in determining the potential size of yield you can get.

Type of land

Apply the site selection strategy which considers the type of land to set up your vegetable greenhouse structure. The land needs to be flat and less sloppy to enhance the stability of your greenhouse structure.

Sunlight Requirements

What is the right sunlight requirements for your vegetable crops? As per the recommendations of the agronomist, it is ideal to choose a greenhouse cover that suits your crops. Consider the light and sunlight need to acquire a suitable polythene cover for you.

Type of Vegetable

Assess the soil type and properties to consider whether it matches the vegetable you choose to grow first before you decide on the profitable type.

Types of Greenhouse Vegetables You Can Farm

  • Spinach
  • Kales
  • Broccoli
  • Eggplants
  • Tomatoes, chilies, coriander, Capsicum and Cucumbers
  • Kunde

Ideal Irrigation Systems for Greenhouse Vegetable Farming

Greenhouse vegetable farming requires effective and water-saving irrigation systems to enhance sustainable growing. With quality and adherence to the best practices, you can use drip or sprinkler irrigation systems.

The drip irrigation system is best for crops such as tomatoes, onions, capsicum and a variety of leafy vegetables. It is most preferable in greenhouse and open field growing methods.

Small sprinklers can also be applied in greenhouses for plants that require large water volumes. They can also act as cooling sprayers to lower high temperatures in greenhouses during the day and afternoons.  The downside of sprinklers is their unsuitability for use with fungal infection-prone plants such as tomatoes.

 

Greenhouse Vegetable Farming Layout Design

Greenhouse Vegetable Farming

The method of growing vegetables in greenhouses is the normal way of planting in lines under bed sections. Beds are spaced 1 meter apart especially if you are working with drip irrigation.

Driplines are then laid on the planting lines, which can be 2-3 depending on the spacing as per the crop type.

Tips for Starting a Greenhouse Vegetable Farming Venture

Growing vegetables in greenhouses requires effective preparation to generate a top yield.

Start from a Smaller Size

Don’t be hesitant to venture into greenhouse vegetable farming due to lower budget reasons. You can acquire a smaller greenhouse size and develop big structures in the future once your produce gains more yield.

Grow Healthy Viable Seedlings

Sowing or buying certified seedlings from trained agronomists is recommended for a profitable vegetable farming venture. It is good to purchase hybrid seedlings as you cannot afford a loss from poor seedlings.

Ensure your structure is designed with proper ventilation and cooling systems

Plants can die due to a lot of heat in greenhouses. Cooling systems are best for hot regions and flower-growing greenhouses.

Get Your Customized Greenhouse Vegetable Farming Structure

Aqua Hub designs quality custom and standard greenhouse structures at affordable prices in Kenya.

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Frequently Asked Questions

How do I Select the right Greenhouse for my Vegetables?

A greenhouse’s size, form, ventilation requirements, and heating requirements can all be categorized. You should choose a greenhouse that can hold the quantity of plants and veggies you want to cultivate.

What are some tips for watering my vegetables?

When watering vegetables, several different watering techniques can be applied. The best practices are to use an irrigation system, and watering frequently.

What are some common problems that I may encounter when growing vegetables in a greenhouse?

When growing vegetables in a greenhouse, some common problems you might encounter include poor ventilation, excess moisture, and improper temperature control.

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