Irrigation Systems

Impact sprinklers in Kenya by Aqua Hub Kenya

Impact sprinklers in Kenya

Impact sprinklers in Kenya are a type of irrigation system that uses water pressure to propel water. It does this through a spray arm or nozzle, producing a spray pattern that covers a specific area. In Kenya, these sprinklers are commonly used for watering crops, landscaping, and other forms of agriculture. They are known for their versatility, durability, and efficiency, and are often preferred over other types of sprinklers. This is due to their ability to handle a wide range of water pressure and flow rates. Additionally, impact sprinklers can be adjusted to control the size, shape, and direction of the water spray. Making them an ideal choice for many different types of irrigation applications.

Impact sprinklers in Kenya

These sprinklers use the force of water hitting a deflector to create an umbrella-like spray pattern. Allowing the water to cover a large area. Impact sprinklers are popular in Kenya because they are relatively inexpensive and easy to install. Making them an accessible option for small-scale farmers. They are also highly efficient in their use of water. Which is important in a country where water resources are limited. Impact sprinklers play an important role in the agricultural sector in Kenya by helping to increase crop yields and improve food security.

What are the benefits of impact sprinklers in Kenya?

There are several benefits to using impact sprinklers in Kenya for agricultural irrigation:

  1. Cost-effective: Impact sprinklers are relatively inexpensive, making them accessible for small-scale farmers who may not have the resources to invest in more expensive irrigation systems.
  2. Easy to install: Impact sprinklers are easy to install, requiring only basic plumbing skills and materials. This makes them a good option for farmers who want to quickly and easily set up an irrigation system.
  3. Efficient water usage: Impact sprinklers are known for their efficient use of water, helping to conserve this valuable resource.
  4. Improved crop yields: By providing a consistent and reliable source of water to crops, impact sprinklers can help to improve crop yields, resulting in higher income for farmers.
  5. Versatility: Impact sprinklers can be used for a variety of crops, from small garden beds to large fields, making them a flexible option for farmers.

What is the cost of impact sprinklers in Kenya?

The cost of impact sprinklers in Kenya can vary depending on several factors. Including the size and type of the sprinkler, the materials used, and the manufacturer. However, in general, impact sprinklers are considered to be relatively inexpensive compared to other types of irrigation systems.

Small, basic impact sprinklers can cost anywhere from a few hundred Kenyan shillings to a few thousand. Depending on the brand and the materials used. More advanced impact sprinklers with additional features, such as adjustable deflectors for precise water distribution, can cost several thousand Kenyan shillings.

It’s important to note that the cost of impact sprinklers should be considered in the context of the overall cost of setting up an irrigation system. Which can also include costs for piping, pumps, and other accessories. Nevertheless, impact sprinklers remain a popular choice for small-scale farmers in Kenya due to their low cost and accessibility.

The cost of impact sprinklers varies according to the desired size. We offer sizes in 1/2, 3/4, and 1 inch. The sizes are determined by the inlet diameter size. The cost of the impact sprinkler increases with the size of the inlet diameter. Here is a table with our impact sprinklers’ costs.

Diameter of the inlet Cost in Ksh
½ inch Impact sprinkler KES 500
¾ inch Impact sprinkler KES 800
1-inch Impact sprinkler KES 1,300

What are the ideal crops to irrigate using impact sprinklers?

Impact sprinklers can be used to irrigate a variety of crops, including both field crops and horticultural crops. Some of the ideal crops to irrigate using impact sprinklers include:

  1. Cereal crops: Grains such as maize, wheat, and rice can benefit from irrigation using impact sprinklers, as consistent moisture levels can help to improve yields.
  2. Vegetable crops: Vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, and onions can also benefit from irrigation using impact sprinklers, as they require a consistent supply of water to grow well.
  3. Fruit crops: Fruit crops such as avocados, mangos, and citrus fruits can also be irrigated using impact sprinklers, as they require regular watering to produce high-quality fruit.
  4. Ornamental crops: Nurseries and other growers of ornamental crops, such as flowers and shrubs, can also use impact sprinklers for irrigation, as they provide a reliable and efficient method for watering.

It’s important to note that the specific crops that are ideal for irrigation using impact sprinklers can vary depending on local conditions. Such as soil type, climate, and water availability. However, in general, impact sprinklers are a versatile and effective option for irrigation in Kenya.

Impact sprinklers in Kenya

What is the installation process of the impact sprinkler?

The installation process of an impact sprinkler system can vary slightly. Depending on the specific type of system and the location, but generally involves the following steps:

  1. Site preparation: This involves preparing the site for the installation of the sprinkler system. This may include clearing the area, grading the ground to ensure proper drainage, and installing any necessary underground pipes or electrical lines.
  2. Layout: The layout of the sprinkler system is determined, taking into account factors such as the size of the area to be irrigated, the type of crops being grown, and the water pressure available.
  3. Installation of pipes: The pipes for the sprinkler system are installed, either above or below ground, depending on the specific design of the system.
  4. Assembly of the sprinkler heads: The impact sprinkler heads are assembled and connected to the pipes. This typically involves screwing the heads into the pipes and making any necessary adjustments to the deflectors or nozzles to ensure proper water distribution.
  5. Connection to a water source: The sprinkler system is connected to the water source, which may be a well, a river, or a municipal water supply.
  6. Testing and adjustment: Once the system is installed, it is tested to ensure that it is working properly. This may involve adjusting the pressure and flow rate, as well as making any necessary adjustments to the sprinkler heads to ensure that the water is being distributed evenly.

It’s important to note that the installation of an impact sprinkler system should be carried out by a professional. Or someone with experience in plumbing and irrigation systems. This is because improper installation can result in reduced efficiency and increased maintenance costs.

How long should you run an impact sprinkler during Irrigation?

The length of time you should run an impact sprinkler during irrigation depends on several factors, including:

  1. Soil type: The type of soil you are irrigating will affect how quickly it absorbs water. Sands and gravels tend to absorb water quickly, while clay soils tend to retain water for longer periods of time.
  2. Climate: The climate, including temperature, humidity, and wind, will also affect how quickly water is absorbed by the soil. In hot and dry climates, water can evaporate quickly, requiring more frequent irrigation.
  3. Crop type: Different crops have different water requirements, with some crops requiring more water than others. For example, vegetable crops typically require more water than field crops such as maize or wheat.
  4. Stage of growth: The stage of growth of the crops will also affect the amount of water they require. Young plants typically require more frequent, lighter watering, while mature plants can typically be watered less frequently and with more water.

As a general rule, you should run an impact sprinkler for about 20 to 30 minutes, three to four times per week. This will provide enough water to keep the soil consistently moist, without overwatering. However, the exact amount of time you should run the impact sprinkler will depend on the specific conditions on your farm, and it may be necessary to adjust the frequency and duration of watering as conditions change.

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