There are numerous advantages of capsicum farming compared to tomato farming. In Kenya, starting a capsicum farm can be very profitable. Even still, capsicum cultivation has surpassed tomato production in terms of profitability. Kenyan youngsters are using tomatoes and capsicum to get quick money. They are currently the most expensive crops. This results from their rapid maturation and increased demand, with some young people earning up to Sh500,000 per harvest. Tomatoes and capsicum both mature quickly. On the farm, it takes around three months before one may begin to harvest money.
The shorter maturity period is in line with what young people want. Since they lack the patience to wait for crops to develop, which takes roughly seven months, they cannot expand. Additionally, the two crops are highly well-liked because they require minimal space to grow and have a ready market in urban areas. As a result, many farmers are giving up growing vegetables like cabbage and sukuma wiki (collard green). They were formerly the source of revenue. A pepper fruit called capsicum can be consumed raw. Additionally, it can be prepared as a vegetable. On occasion, it is also dried before being processed. Particularly in metropolitan areas, where families use it to season food, the crop is in increased demand.
What is capsicum farming?
Capsicum farming is the cultivation of capsicum plants. These are a type of flowering plant in the nightshade family. Capsicum plants produce fruit that is commonly known as peppers or chili peppers. They are used in a wide range of culinary applications. Capsicum farming involves the planting and nurturing capsicum plants from seedlings to mature plants. It also involves the harvesting and post-harvest handling of the fruit. Capsicum plants can be grown in a variety of soil types and climates. They are also generally easier to cultivate than tomato plants due to their greater resistance to pests and diseases. Capsicum farming can be done on a small scale, such as in a home garden, or a larger scale, such as in a commercial farm setting.
What is tomato farming?
Tomato farming is the cultivation of tomato plants, a flowering plant in the nightshade family. Tomato plants produce fruit that is commonly known as tomatoes. They are used in various culinary applications, including sauces, soups, and salads. Tomato farming involves the planting and nurturing tomato plants, from seedlings to mature plants. And also the harvesting and post-harvest handling of the fruit. Tomato plants can be grown in a variety of soil types and climates. Although they prefer well-draining, fertile soil, and a warm, sunny growing environment. Tomato farming can be done on a small scale, such as in a home garden, or a larger scale, such as in a commercial farm setting.
What are the advantages of capsicum farming over tomato farming?
- Higher yields: Capsicum plants generally produce more fruit per plant than tomato plants.
- Longer growing season: Capsicum plants have a longer growing season than tomato plants, which means they can be harvested over a longer period.
- Greater resistance to pests and diseases: Capsicum plants are generally more resistant to pests and diseases than tomato plants, which means that they require less chemical treatment to maintain healthy growth.
- Greater adaptability: Capsicum plants are more adaptable to a wide range of growing conditions than tomato plants, which means that they can be grown in various climates and soil types.
- More diverse uses: Capsicum plants produce a wide variety of fruit, including sweet bell peppers, hot chili peppers, and everything in between. This means they have a wider range of culinary uses than tomatoes, primarily for sauces and soups.
- Higher nutritional value: Capsicum fruits are high in vitamins and minerals, including vitamins C, A, and potassium.
- Longer shelf life: Capsicum fruits have a longer shelf life than tomatoes, which means they can be stored for longer periods without spoiling.
- Greater resistance to transportation damage: Capsicum fruits are more resistant to damage during transportation than tomatoes, which means they can be shipped over long distances without spoiling.
- Greater profitability: Capsicum farming can be more profitable than tomato farming due to higher yields, longer growing seasons, and greater resistance to pests and diseases.
- Greater market demand: There is generally greater demand for capsicum fruits in many markets worldwide due to their versatility and nutritional value.
What is the best type of irrigation for capsicum farming?
The best type of irrigation for capsicum farming depends on the specific growing conditions and the resources available. Some common irrigation methods for capsicum farming include:
- Drip irrigation: Drip irrigation involves delivering water to the plants through a network of small tubes or emitters that release water directly onto the soil near the base of the plants. This method is highly efficient and can help to conserve water and reduce the risk of plant disease.
- Sprinkler irrigation: Sprinkler irrigation involves using overhead sprinklers to disperse water over the plants. This method can be effective for large fields but is less efficient and requires more water than drip irrigation.
It is important to carefully consider the specific growing conditions and resources available when selecting the best irrigation method for capsicum farming. Combining different irrigation methods to optimize water use and plant health may be necessary.